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Linux Installation and Setup

Linux Slackware 3.0.0 version 1.2.13
DIP Switches 3, 5, 8 DOWN (ON)

Before beginning the installation, you need to create a boot disk and a root disk on 3 1/2" floppies. Choose the appropriate disk set for your installation type and hardware. Depending on where you downloaded your disk sets from, you may need to gzip these files before rawritting them. If the boot or root disks have a .gz extension, chances are you need to gzip them. Some later revisions, including the one we tested, only needed to be rawritten, even though they had the .gz extension.

Note:If you gzip and rawrite the files to disk, and experience loading problems, then re-download the original files and rawrite them to disk, skipping the gzip process.

After you load the boot disk, then the root disk, log in as root when instructed to do so. Depending on how much memory is in your system, you may need to create a swap file. It is suggested to create a swap file if you have less then 8 megs of RAM, however, we found that even 8 megs ran slow without the swap file. We created two 20 meg swap partitions.

Once logged in, type fdisk. Next you will create your swap partition or partitions. Press n to add a new partition. We chose to created two more primary partitions, so next we typed 2 or sda2. Then you need to change the partition’s system id or t, and selected 2(partition to change), then 82(Linux swap). This process should be done for as many Swap partitions you want to make. Last, you will want to make a Linux native partition to place the operating system and it's files into. Follow the previous steps for creating a partition, except this time you will select 83 for the partition type. After you are done, hit w to write the partition table out to disk. If the last step is skipped, your changes will be lost.

Next, run the setup utility by typing SETUP. Here you will choose which disk sets you want to install and their file locations. When you start to install, it will ask you what type of file system you want. If you are not using the UMBDOS disk setup, which runs over DOS, we recommend the EXT2FS file system. Select the disk sets to install, then highlight Install and hit <enter>.

After this part of the installation is complete, you will be given the opportunity to create a boot disk. This is highly recommended, especially on SCSI drives, where the cylinders tend to be different than the standard 1024. This can cause problems in Linux when multi-booting operating systems. The boot disk can also be used if something goes wrong with the operating system and it needs to be repaired.

The next section involves configuration of your modem. You will be asked the following question:

    Would you like to set up your modem([Y]es, [n]o)?

Answer Y to this question. Next you will be asked what port the modem is on. Unix/Linux works as follows with respect to standard DOS/Windows Com Ports:

Com Port DOS/Windows Com Port Linux/Unix

Next you will install your mouse driver and select the default font. Make sure to pick a font that is easy to read. We found that some of the more graphical fonts, although appealing at first, were harder to read over the long run.

Next you will be asked to set your modem speed. Set your port rate to 38400 for our 28.8k or faster modems, and 19200 for our 14.4k modems. The port rate can also be adjusted later, by typing SETSERIAL at the command prompt.

Last, you will create LILO, make config, make dep, and make clean. Make sure to follow the instructions for your particular version. Symbolic links usually need to be entered manually, so this part of the installation process can find certain files you need.

You are ready to start running software under Linux!

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